George Mette I 657,673
- Born: Abt 1802, Germany 44,673
- Marriage: Annie Elizabeth
- Died: 22 Nov 1879, Chicago, Cook , IL, USA about age 77 44,63
- Buried: 24 Nov 1879, Oakwoods Cemetery, Chicago, Cook, IL 44
Note: There was a George Mette living in Maryland as early as 1832. -- naturalization records indicate he was naturalized in 1832. It's interesting to note there was a Henry Mette who married in 1805 in Maryland, too. An Amelia Mette married in 1846 in Baltimore. This must have been the draw -- family who was here long before our branch.
Note that this George's nephew, August, died just a few weeks earlier at the same address.
Noted events in his life were:
• Residence, Oct 1856, Balhorn, Germany. 372
• Immigration, 18 Nov 1856, to Baltimore from Bremen. 981 He arrived at the age of 54 from Balhorn, Hessia and was a joiner by trade. Ship was the Columbia.
On the boat: Georg Mette, 54; Anna Mette, 46; Elise Mette, 16; Ludwig Mette, 14; Auguste, 8; Georg Mette, 7; Michael Mette, 5; Marie Mette, 3/4. George the father is listed as a joiner by trade. The family is coming from Balhorn, Hessia. (Now Balhorn, Bad Emstal, Germany)
There was a Geoge Mette (no address listed) who was naturalized in Baltimore, MD on 9-18-1872. No address or age listed, but he was born in "H.C." (Hessen-Cassel?). Witness was George Wehrheim.
Quoted from Pioneers in Service The German Society of Maryland 1783-1981:
has time and again been ignored is the fact that the great majority of needy immigrants whom the Society assisted during the 19th century were only transients in Maryland. Most of them traveled on the national turnpike to Cumberland and from there on to the Midwest. Others turned north to find employment in the industrial cities. As long as they were within the boundaries of Maryland, the Society looked after them. When it received reports that German immigrants had been grossly imposed upon by a transportation agent at Cumberland, it pressed charges against the contractor for transportation in Baltimore as well as against his agent in Cumberland for obtaining money under false pretenses. Later the German Society appointed its own representative, a Mr. Treiber, in Cumberland, who was to observe closely the transit of immigrants and report any irregularities without delay.
On the other hand, of course, it happened that many Germans remained in Baltimore even though they might not have planned to do so originally. For lack of acquaintances they found themselves unable to secure suitable jobs. In order to help such people, who often possessed skills valuable to the industrial development of the city, the German Society in 1845 established a so-called "Intelligence Bureau." Frederick Raine, publisher of the German Correspondent, for a minimal compensation offered to place this employment bureau in his newspaper office. During its first year of existence more than 2000 applicants appeared, some 600 of whom were able to find employment through the "Intelligence Bureau." In 1846 already, most of the 3500 applicants were helped in securing jobs. Soon the existence of this bureau became known far and wide outside Baltimore and in the next few years thousands of German workers were placed in shops and industrial establishments in Washington, York, Cumberland and Pittsburgh. Many factories and railroad companies availed themselves of the Society's placement bureau to find skilled mechanics or labers from among the German newcomers. By 1853 so much work was at hand in the "Intelligence Bureau" that the appointment of a full-time agent became necessary. Jacob Ober kept the office until his untimely death in July 1853, when he was succeeded by H.F. Wellinghoff who was instructed to locate the bureau at Fells Point near the landing piers of the emigrant ships. Wellinghoff retained this position for thirty years, during which time his name became synonymous with this special service of the Society. There is no record of the number of job seekers who applied at his office, but to judge from the number of applications during the first years, there must have been close to 50,000 people who sought help from him. Only when old age made it impossible for "Papa Wellinghoff" to continue, did he resign in 1883.
The Society also inaugurated an additional service for the sick who were under the care of its physicians. In 1846 Charles Caspari, a long-established apothecary, was authorized to furnish medicaments against prescriptions by the physicians at the expense of the Society. By 1849 two more apothecary shops, those of John Stehl and H.M. Koechling, were added in order to serve as dispensaries for free medicines to the poor.
Immigration increased steadily. Almost 74,000 persons from German speaking countries are listed in the official statistics as having landed in Baltimore between 1841 and 1850. Still others passed through the state in search of jobs after having arrived in New York and other ports to the north. The revolutions of 1848 and 1849 and their aftermath in Germany and Austria had given new impetus to emigration. While relatively few among the arrivals had been actively involved in the fighting, many young people were discontent with the restrictive measures that followed the failure of the uprisings. The available space on ships could hardly accommodate the swarms of those willing to emigrate. Weeks of waiting in the ports often consumed all the savings which were to help them over the first lean days in America. Vessels were overcrowded and many of the new-comers reported impositions that were thought to be problems of the past.
Louis Heuser, who later became a respected teacher in the English German schools of the city, vividly described in his diary the hardships which accompanied a voyage of fifty-five days from Bremen to Baltimore in the early fall of 1852. A virtual black market in food and drinking water aboard the vessels depleted the funds of many emigrants. Then the ocean trip alone still required four to six weeks in spring and fall and eight weeks or more in summer.
This renewed increase in immigration provided plenty of work for the German Society, which reported a membership of 169 persons in 1851. While in the past its efforts had been universally acclaimed by the citizenry of Baltimore, regardless of national background, for the first time now the German Society was confronted with public attacks and criticism. The great influx of German and other European immigrants alarmed many native Americans, especially of the lower and uneducated classes. An intense felling developed against foreigners, partly caused by the existence of numerous and very active German organizations in Baltimore. While the real reasons for this sudden appearance of xenophobia were complex and not to a small degree due to the general tension that prevailed in the decade before the Civil War, the fear that the large number of foreigners might form a state within the state, remaining aloof from the native-born citizenry, was a major contributing factor to the organization of the anti-foreigner movement, the secret order of the "Know Nothing," which spread rapidly all over the state and turned into a political party in 1854. Although the German Society had its origins in the 18th century and remained apart from the many ephemeral groups that were formed by recent German immigrants, it was frequently identified with their activities by those ignorant of its real purpose. A spirit of hatred and discrimination prevailed during the years between 1850 and 1860 which was equaled in American history only by the germanophobia of the First World War. Often the mob ruled the streets and newly arrived immigrants as well as old, established German and Irish organizations were openly attacked by rowdies.
During this trying period, the German Society accorded much help to the newcomers who were bewildered by the hateful reception which they received in the land of liberty. The Society maintained a dignified attitude knowing that the "Know Nothing" days were not to last forever. The prestige which many of its officers and members enjoyed in the public life of the city and the state contributed much toward overcoming the difficulties of the time.
In 1858 the German Society took a prominent part in the Steuben Festival, which was staged by the American citizens of German birth or descent in Baltimore to impress on the public the patriotism and loyalty of the great majority of German-Americans. General Steuben himself was in his later years the president of the German Society of New York, a sister organization with which the Baltimore Society maintained cordial and close relations throughout its history. Albert Schumacher, the chairman of the Steuben Festival in 1858, pointed out this fact when re recounted the numerous feats of Americans of German stock in defending and building the common homeland. The impressive and orderly demonstration in Baltimore had deep effects. In the face of physical threats the German-Americans rallied around the American flag.
Soon the scene changed. The great issues of the day were no longer the danger from foreign immigration but the acute danger of a division of the country over the problems of regional economic interests and over the slavery question. While the year 1860 still set a record with regard to the number of German immigrants arriving from Europe, the outbreak of the War between the States dried the flow of immigration down to a trickle. The war caught Maryland between the two camps. The sympathies of the members of the German Society were certainly as divided as those of most other segments of the population, but under the vigorous, tactful and liberal leadership of Albert Schumacher the Society remained intact. As in all phases of its history, the German Society with its great mission of charity was never influenced nor divided by political, ideological or religious partisanship. It knew only one distinction: those, who were willing to help in its humanitarian endeavors, were always welcome while those, who were apt to carry partisan interests into its ranks, were rejected."
• Occupation: Joiner, Nov 1856, Balhorn, Germany. 372
• Residence, 14 Aug 1870, 18th ward, Baltimore, MD. 24 Value of his personal estate was $500.
• Occupation: Keeper of S.B. Saloon, 14 Aug 1870, Baltimore, , MD. 24
• Occupation: Musician: Hesse, Germany. 982 George was a musician by profession in the Province of Hesse, Germany when George's son August was born.
• Occupation: Liquor Dealer, 1879, Baltimore, MD, USA. 44
• Citizenship, 7 Oct 1872, Baltimore, , MD. 657 I don't know if this goes w/ this George or his father. Says he was born in Prussia. Witness Frederick S. Hammond. Another one for a George Mette, again in Baltimore court, dated 9-18-1872. This witness is George Wehrheim. This George was born in Hesse Cassel.
• Residence, 6 Nov 1879, 404 Archer Ave., Chicago, Cook, IL. 44
• Death, 1879. 44 Cause of death was senility with complications. He had been living in Baltimore up until 3 months before his death.
• Obituary: Chicago Tribune, 23 Nov 1879, Chicago, Cook , IL, USA. 673 George Mette, aged 77 years. Funeral will take place next Monday from the residence of his son, August Mette, No. 987 S. Halsted st., Chicago, Ill.
• Burial, 4 Apr 1880, Oak Woods Cemetery, Chicago, Cook, Illinois. 63,421
George married Annie Elizabeth. (Annie Elizabeth was born in 1812 in Saxony,25,44 died on 6 Jan 1887 in Chicago, Cook , IL, USA 646 and was buried on 9 Jan 1887 in Oakwoods Cemetery, Chicago, Cook, IL 44,646.)