- Born: Abt 1824 1126
- Marriage: Mary Willis in 1839 in Cork and Ross Diocese 1124
- Died: 9 Oct 1906, Skull, Cork, Ireland about age 82 35,1126
- Buried: Aughadown Upper Graveyard, Lisheen, Cork, Ireland 19
Lissaclarig West is in County Cork, Barony of Carbery West (W.D.), parish of Kilcoe, County District of Skull. In the Electoral Division of Kilcoe. (There are 2 kinds of parishes -- civil and Catholic parishes. Birth, marriages, and deaths were obligatorily recorded beginning in 1864 for civil [like state governments] parishes beginning in 1864. Before this time, there will not be civil records.) If some form asks for the DED, try Skibbereen or Aghadown. If a form asks for the Townland, that's the street name. If you lived in Kilcoe and you were Catholic, your parish was in Aghadown. If you were Protestant, you parish was Kilcoe. - source: "A Guide to Tracing your Cork Ancestors" by Tony McCarthy, Tim Cadogan. If you lived in Aghadown and you were Catholic, your Diocese was Ross, but it's now Aughadown (sic). If you were Protestant, your diocese was in Ross, too. If your civil parish was Aghadown, both your Catholic and Church of Ireland parishs were in Aghadown.
From the book, "Census of Ireland, 1901: General Topographical Index...", comes this explanation: "The Townlands and Baronies, which varied in different Provinces, are the most ancient divisions, and they existed under other names prior to the introduction of Christianity. The Barony or Trioca cead consisted of Ballybetaghs or Townlands, Ploughlands, Seisreaghs or Carrows, Tates or Ballyboes, Sessiaghs, Gneeves and Acres. The following is a Table showing these divisions: --
10 acres = 1 Gneeve.
2 Gneeves = 1 Sessiagh.
3 Sessiaghs = 1 Tate or Ballyboe.
2 Ballyboes = 1 Ploughland, Seisreagh or Carrow.
4 Ploughlands = 1 Ballybetagh or Townland
30 Ballybetaghs = 1 Trioca cead or Barony."
The 1875 County Cork directory (www.donslist.net) says, "... Cork is the largest county in the United Kingdom, except that of York: comprising an area of 2,700 square miles, ...The county is divided into twenty-three baronies; and again into 243 civil parishes, sub-divided into 5478 townlands. Irrespective of the foregoing, the county is divided under the Poor Law Act into Poor Law Unions, fourteen of which are wholly in the county, and five partly in adjoining counties... The county includes nine townships, and six towns of more than 2000 inhabitants. Townships: ... Skibbereen." "For the purpose of holding general sessions of the peace, the county is divided into East and West Ridings. Quarter Sessions are held ... in the towns of Skibbereen ..." It also shows illiteracy rates falling from 50.7% in 1861 to 29.4% in 1871. Carbery, East, E.D. had a population of 19,083. Carbery East, W.D. had 23,521. Carbery, West, E.D. had 23,360. Carbery, West, W.D. had 22, 277. Skull lost 763 people to emigration between 1864 and 1871. Skibbereen lost 1,027 for the same period. Skull's population in 1871 was 13,139. The average age was 30. Average farm had about 10 acres. Crops grown in the area included oats, potatoes, barley, Bere, and Rye, turnups, and wheat. Skibbereen had 443 fishing vessels and 2,065 employed on those boats. Ballydehob is a parish in the town of Skull. Schull has a copper mine, Aghadown had iron at one time. Aghadown is in West Carbery, E.D. parish; Skull is in West Carbery, W.D.; Lissaclarig, East has a population of 86, with 360 acres. Lissaclarig, West has an additional 63 people on 392 acres. Both are shown under the heading of Kilcoe -- Carbery, West, W.D. (W.R.) -- Total Area, 5,272 acres.
According to a book on Google books, a townland is the smallest, most important, and possibly most ancient Irish administrative division. Townland boundaries aren't obvious and only residents with good local knowledge will be aware of them. They used mostly geographic and manmade features such as roads, rivers, ditches, etc. as boundaries. Without a good working knowledge, you need an ordnance survey map with a minimum scale of 6" to the mile and a good eye.
The Poor Law Union was a division for the purposes of taxing people to pay for the workhouses.Civil Parish designations are the most useful for genealogical work.
In Kilcoe, there is a Catholic cemetery (Kilcoe), and a Church of Ireland cemetery (Corravoley).
In Aghadown, the Catholic cemetery is Lisheen Lower. The Church of Ireland cemetery is called Glebe. Aghadown has no Church of Ireland baptism, marriage, or death records before ...? 1900? To read Church of Ireland gravestone inscriptions for Aghadown, look at IGRS, Vol. 1. (IGRS stands for Irish Genealogical Research Society)
In the 1875 County Cork city directory (www.donslist.net), the Shannons are listed on p. 0439. There is a John, landholder in Skibbereen; a Richard, landholder, in Aghadown; a Thomas, landholder in Ballydehob; and a William, landholder, Ballydehob. On p. 465, it shows a John Shannon as an elected member of the Board of Guardians (some type of health organization). He's shown as "Shannon John, Mohona, Aghadown" along with a Jeremiah Hegarty also of Aghadown. Since we saw a Hegarty as a landholder in Skibbereen and one in Aghadown, one of these must be the family from which came the marriage of Minnie Shannon and James Hegarty (see James Hegarty RIN #886). There's also a Samuel Sweetman, landholder, in Skibbereen.
OTHER SHANNONS IN THE AREA THAT MAY BE RELATED
In 1830, a John Shannon was listed in the Tithe Applotment of Kilcoe (probably now part of Lissaclarig West). Could this have been Thomas' father?
I found a last will & testament of Richard Shannon of Ardnagroha[?] in the parish of Aghadown. "...to my wife Anne Shannon all my interest in my farm together with my stock farm implaments (sic) & furniture and all other effects whatsoever to be held by her during her life for her own use and after her death I will that all the same be held by my son Thomas for his own use absolutely. Dated this 23rd day of August 1884. Signed... In the presence of us Martha Shannon, GB Sweetnam, clk."
Found last will of William Shannon of Gorteenakilly in the parish of Skull. Give all to wife Sarah until her death and then it all goes to sons Richard and George. "If she should find it necessary to separate, that they to pay to her their ? other the same [?]. Five Pounds each yearly and every year during her natural life. It is my will and desire that my said son George be put into possession of my dwelling house and farm attached thereto as already described and that my son Richard be put in possession of the farm formerly occupied by Mrs. Baldwin. ... I desire that my son Thomas get possession of the farm over the river with eight cows and his horse free of rent during such time as I enjoy that freedom, and whatever profits shall arise or accrue after payment of the headrent, it is my will and desire that such ? of it be equally divided between my sons William, James, John, Robert, and Thomas share and share alike. I bequeath to my daughter Eliza the sum of fifty pounds sterling to be paid her in hand on the day of her nuptials ? marriage together with a further and similar sum of fifty pounds st at the birth of each of her first and second lawfully begotten children. It is also my will and desire that should any or either of my said two sons Richard and George die without lawful issue, that the farm occupied by such person shall become the property or be given possession of to the survivor of the two. It is also my will and desire that my son George do receive the rents and pay off all just and legal demands, and that the first twenty pounds ? of its arising out of said lands be put by to defray the funeral expenses of my said beloved wife and the ..."
No Shannons appear on the "Ireland, Poverty Relief Loans 1821-1874" listing.
Several Shannons (rather current dates) are buried in the Schull Burial Ground (Frances, Hubert, Jack, Richard, Sarah). There are 20 Hegartys buried there.
A George Shannon appears in Failte Romhat's "Land Owners in Ireland 1876". His address was Gurteenakilla, Ballydehob. The fact that he's on this list indicates he owned at least one acre of land.
GRIFFITH'S VALUATIONS -- NOTE: IT'S THE BARONY OF WEST CARBERY (WEST DIVISION), UNION OF SKULL, PARISH OF KILCOE, TOWNLAND OF LISSACLARIG WEST
There was a James Shannon in the Griffith's Valuation for the printing year of 1853 listed in County of Cork, Barony of Carberry West (West Div.), Union of Skull, Parish of Skull, townland of Lisheenacreagh, place name of Lisheenacreagh, and the landlord was William Baldwin. Found on G's Valuation sheet #131, line 32, act 15 & 16; map reference 2.
There was a Thomas Shannon in the G's Valuation for 1853 listed in West Carbery, West Division, Kilcoe, Lissaclarig West. Leasing land from Edwd. & Geo. Becher, house, offices, and land. The area is 82 A's, 2 R's, and 18 P's. Land valued at 30 British lbs, and 5 s. Building worth 1 British lb. Property worth 31 British lbs, 5 s. Then Thomas Shannon was leasing a house to Ellen Walsh, same general place, next line down. He's also leasing a house on the mountain to Daniel Carty. Value of 4 s. (shillings?). OS Page #s: 131, 132, 140, 141.
WERE THERE 2 THOMAS SHANNONS IN THE SAME AREA?
In the "Ireland, Civil Registration Marriages Index, 1845-1958", we find a Thomas Shannon who married a Margaret Connell in 1858 in Skibbereen. The Irish census of 1901 has them living in Lisheennacreagh, Coolagh, County Cork. Were there 2 Thos. Shannons in the area at the same time?
AGHADOWN CHURCH FACTS
From "Church and Parish Records of the United Diocese of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross ..." by John Harding Cole. He says the church population of Aghadown is about 300, and that of Kilcoe about 170. I think that was in 1892. The book also mentions a Sweetnam -- George Beamish Sweetnam, b. in 1848 at Mardyke House, Skibbereen. Looks like he was ordained as deacon in 1869, and priest in 1872 but he was in the town (?) of Chester.
Noted events in his life were:
• Residence, 1849. 1208 Lissaclarig West, Kilcoe, West Carbery WD, Cork. In this source, there are only 5 residencies in Lisaclarig West. Those are John Burke, (_?_) McCarthy who owns two properties; Sam Swanton, who has a gardner named James Jones; and Thomas Shannon. No Hegartys in Lisaclarrig East. I've typed the spellings of the townlands as they appear in the document. One r, two r's in Lisaclarig ...
• Residence, 1851, Lissyclarig West. 1208 "Lissyclarig" West. Residents' names were Samuel Swanton, Jerry Dawley, James Jones, Thomas Shannon, Wm. Ryan, and Dan Carty - who apparently was living on the mountain.
• Occupation: Tenant, 1853, Lissaclarig Kilcoe, Co Cork, Ireland. 1209 Tenant of landlord Edward Becher. Also a tenant of George Becher, same year, same place. County Cork, Barony of Carberry, West (West Division), Union of Skull, Parish of Kilcoe, Townland of Lissaclarig, West.
• In the News, 24 Jan 1859. 1210 Bantry Quarter Sessions - Saturday
"...the same jury who were sworn in the last case. Mr. Wright stated the plaintiff's case. It was an action brought by Mr. Thomas Shannon, of Lisaclaurick (sic), a highly respectable farmer, against Mr. Thomas Hancock French, of Miross, a gentleman of considerable ..."
• Occupation: Land Owner, 1875-1876, Lissaclarig West, Co Cork, Ireland. 127 Thomas Shannon of Lissaclarig West was listed as a Principal Landholder in Francis Guy's County and City of Cork Directory for the years 1875-1876. Lissaclarig is where Mary Shannon (mother to Minnie) is shown to be living in 1893 when Minnie died. There are 16 people listed as Principal Landholders. Thomas Shannon is one, and then there's George Shannon of Gurteenakilla and and Austin Sweetman of Shanavagh and Samuel Sweetman of Murranin.
• In the News: Unionist Meeting, 22 Apr 1893, Skibbereen, Cork, Ireland. 1211 "Unionist Meeting in Skibbereen.
A Sectarian Gathering.
Green flags on the Town Hall
On Wednesday a meeting of Unionists was held in the Town Hall, Skibbereen, for the purpose of protesting against the Home Rule Bill. Every effort was made to bring together the full strength of the Unionist following. Two special trams were requisitioned to bring people in from Schull, Ballydehob, and Aughadown parish, and numbers of Protestant young men and women availed of a ticket for another to have a trip into town, and display their best clothes, besides 'preserving the integrity of the Empire.' Private vehicles were also requisitioned. No public notice of the meeting was given, but evidently the 'demonstration' was worked up labouriously. Its opening, however, was marked by a very significant incident. Two o'clock, p.m., was the hour of meeting, and at that hour carriages galore were driving up to the Town Hall, and delivering their freights of ladies and primroses. A large body of the people assembled around the Town Hall, and made a counter demonstration, cheering alternately for 'Home Rule' and the 'Grand Old Man' while a German band played with great lustiness 'The Boys of Wexford,' Just as Captain Morgan's brake, the horses decked with primroses, drew up, a ladder was raised against the front of the Town Hall, and a big green flag was carried up by Mr. J. Caverly, assisted by Mr. J.J O'Connell, T.C., and Mr. Timothy Sheehy, T.C., and unfurled amidst loud cheers, which were repeated again, and with enthusiasm, as the words 'Home Rule,' in large white letters, became visible. One would fancy at this moment that a Nationalist demonstration was being held within. Cheers for Gladstone and Home Rule resounded in the square, and the utmost enthusiasm prevailed in the crowd, with perfect order and good humour. The banner and magic legend was secured triumphantly over the entrance, and continued displayed while the meeting was being held and through the evening. A line of green streamers was also run up from Mr. O'Connell's house to the Town Hall. Adminission to the meeting was by ticket, which had been supplied to the Press. The platform was decorated with banks of primroses, and pots of lilies, and completely draped with flags, and the motto V R and Crown was worked in primroses over the platform. The assemblage mostly consisted of clergymen and ladies, but there was also a considerable attendance of Protestant farmers, and persons who had come from a distance. But among the ladies present, there were two, at least, with patriotic instincts, for when the Chairman put the resolution condeming Home Rule it was met by stern cries of 'No' from two ladies in the audience near the platform. Colonel Johnson, of Fermoy, was the principal speaker.
On the motion of Canon Goodman, Rector, the chair was taken by Colonel Somerville, D.L. Castletownshend.
Amongst those present were -- Col. Somerville, Col. Johnson, Carew O'Grady, JP. Canon Goodman, Rector, Skibbereen; Rev Mr. Becher, Rector, Castletown; Rev Horace Town hend, Rev E S McConnell, Rev Mr. Tottenham, Skibbereen; Rev Mr Stoney, Toormore; Rev Mr. Miller, Sir Jocelyn Coghill, Castletownshend; Col. Coghill, do; Isaac Notter, JP, Goleen; James H Swanton, MA, Glandore; Mr Hungerford, JP, Cahermore; Mr. Baxter, Castletownshend; Rev Mr. Abbott, Schull; Rev Mr. Parkill, do; Captain Mrs and the Misses Becher, Dr. Levis, JP; Mr W. Wolfe (Steam Mill); Mr. Beamish, Leap; Mr. R. Waugh, Main St; Mr. Reid, Superintendnet Baltimore Railway; Mr. Nugent, CE, do; Mr WA Russess, Mr. and Mrs. Townshend, Myross; Mrs Notter, Mrs. Hadden, Miss Cairey, the Misses Swanton, Townshend St.; Mrs Robson, Glandore; Mr Stuart, Dr Sweetnam, Mr GW Johnson, North St; Mr FPE Potter; Mr Jagoe, Aughadown; Messrs WG Wood, J Youong, Mardyke; Mr Trinder, PLG; JS Wolfe, The Bridge; S Jagoe, JP, Ballydehob; --Sweetnam, do; G Fuller, Thornhill; Rev Mr Jones, Baltimore; -- Levis, Glandore; RS Warner, Main-street; M Roycroft, Mr C Coghill, Mr Aylmer, Mr JJ Wolfe, Wm Allen, Toormore; Wm Birchall, Crookhaven; Thomas Roycroft, Ardravera; John Evenson, Carrigmanus; Jas. Hunt, Gurteeowen; Lawrence Connell, Kirlfadda; Richard Allen Thour; Mat Sweetnam, Goleen; Wm Connell, Gurteeower; Richard Love, Goleen; John Sullivan, Drin?league; Wm Jagoe, Aughadown; WT Bennett, Rineen; Samuel Chard, Castletownsend; Michael Melville, Ballyrizzard; John Swanton, Ballydubin; Wills Coghlan, Ballyrizzard; John Goodwin, Ballyrizzard; Laurence Wilkinson, Gurthnacurrig; Thomas Beamish, Skeahanore; George Hegarty, Smorane; R Fairweather, Castletownshend; Austin Sweetnam, Skibbereen; Richard Attridge, Skibbereen; John Roycroft, Ardravinue, Lowerstown; John Levis, Lowerstown; Schull; G Wood, Gubbeen, Schull; Richard Draper, Archalra; Joseph Pyburne, Lowerstown; John Roycroft, Derrienlane; W McCarthy, do; Samuel Burchill, RG Davis, Maria Swanton, Henry Wilkinson, Church cross; Henry Sweetnam, Aughadown, Glebe; Henry Forde, Schull; Thomas Shannon, White Hall; Samuel Sweetnam, Schull; R Attridge, Cahoranan; John Levis, Reenaduna Church; Samuel Kingston, Crough; William Roycroft, Balteen; Richard Roycroft, Kilpatrick; John Copithorne, Schull; Joseph Roycroft, Kilpatrick; William Levis, Lowerstown; George Hegarty, John Kingston, Scahana, Union Hall; James Trinder, Lisheen; Robert Howell, Castleventry, Rosscarbery; William Connell, Lissanuhy; John F Sweetnam, Rathere; William Shannon, Lisheencreagn; William Woods, Schull; John Ferguson, Lowertown; Richard Willis, Ballydehob; Thomas Attridge, Lowerstown; William Williamson, Ivormore; John Roycroft, Dreenlomane, Ballydehob; John Cunningham, Ivormore; Richard Attridge, Cahirvane; Samuel Sweetnam, Gubbeen; William McCarthy, Dreenlomane, Ballydehob; William Jagoe, Esq, Schull; GSK Stewart, Frank Levis, Lowertown; Edward Trinder, Tausagh; James Copithorne, Kilcoe; William Young, Arduro; John Skinner, Rathmore; Samuel Trinder, Knockeer, Robert Stout, Coolbawn; William Whitley, Schull; Thomas King, Schull; Richard Johnson, Carew O'Grady, JP Carrigmannus, &c., &c.
The Chairman said he regretted very much that Lord Bandon was not able to be present, and he felt very deeply the honour they had done him in calling upon him to preside at so large and influential a meeting as this (applause). They were met here to-day to protest against the vile and iniquitous Bill now before Parliament, which, if passed, would ruin Ireland (hear, hear), and most certainly imperil its importance as a part of the greatest Empire of the world (applause), and that simply to gratify the vanity of a wicked old despot (hisses and clapping) who would hand them over to be governed by paid agitators (hisses) men who he himself said were steeped to the lips in crime. He (Chairman) considered this large meeting in Skibbereen one of the very greatest importance. It would prove to the electors in England that even in this out-of-the-way part of Ireland, the most remote part of it, there was a large number of loyalists (cheers) who are as determined as their brethren in Ulster to protest and to show by every means in their power that they will not have Home Rule (cheers). And further that they love their country so well that they will not allow it to be destroyed without a struggle (applause). He would say nothing more but beg to introduce to the meeting his old friend and comrade, Colonel Johnson (cheers).
The Rev Mr Becher, Rector, Castlehaven, first read letters of apology from persons unable to attend.
The O'Donovan wrote -- "I regret that urgent private business renders it impossible for me attend the meeting of Unionists, and to protest against the Bill" &c.
Mr. John Barrett, Carriganass, wrote -- "I would attend with much pleasure only that I have to attend as a delegat the Albert Hall meeting on the 2nd ?nst."
Sir H Becher wrote -- "Impossible for me to attend meeting."
Mr De Burgh wrote -- "Cannot attend but warmly sympathize."
• Residence, 1894, Lissaclarig Kilcoe, Co Cork, Ireland. 1212 Living in "Aghadown - Skibbereen is Chas Hegarty, Kilsarlaght (next to the initials fr off to the right), Thos. Shannon, Lissaclarig (same fr off on the right), Matthew J. Sweetnam (no initials off to the right).
In the Guy's Cork Almanac of 1884, his entry for Schull under the topic of "Summer Resorts" says, "Schull, Goleen, RockIsland, Crookhaven, etc. (Roaringwater bay), west of Skibbereen. This interesting but remote part of the coast is all that could be desired as a sea-side residence; accommodation not first-class; boats and boatmen numerous; living cheap. Skibbereen ... Three good hotels at Skibbereen ... excellent sea and fresh water fishing."
• In the News: Participant in Carbery Ag Society's show, 2 Aug 1900. 1213 He received a "highly commended" for his bay gelding. Paper says, within a very lengthy article about the Agricultural Society's show with all results, "Young horses - ... Gelding or filly, 2 years, 6 entries. 1st, JC O'Sullivan ... ; 2nd JJ Levis, ... 3rd, Dr. William Jennings... highly commended, Thomas Shannon, Whitehall, Skibbereen, bay filly. The same article mentions the prize of 3rd place going to George Shannon, Garteenakilla, Ballydehob for his brown filly. Don't know if he's a relative or not.
• Death, Dec 1906. 1155,1214 FHL Film # 0101603. Estimated Birth Year: abt 1824; Death Age: 82. Registration district: Skull; Volume 5; Page 361.
There is also evidence of a Thomas Shannon who died 5-26-1884 who was from Mohonagh, County Cork, a farmer. One of the executors was Richard Swanton of Skibbereen. Mohonagh is in/part of/a street in (?) Skibbereen. Source:
Finally is the death of a Thomas Shannon from Lisheenacreagh, Co. Cork, a farmer, who died Jan. 5, 1918. Administrator was William T. Shannon. Source:
http://www.willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie/reels/cwa/005014921/005014921_00690.pdf However, no Shannons were living in "Lisheenacrehig" in the 1911 census. That would have made him 94 years old, which is doubtful.
• Cemetery: Aughadown Upper Graveyard, Lisheen, Cork. 19 Headstone reads:
In Loving Memory Of
Who Fell Asleep In Jesus
9th October 1906 Aged 81 Years
There are 12 Shannons in the Aughadown Upper Graveyard.
Thomas married Mary Willis, daughter of Unknown and Unknown, in 1839 in Cork and Ross Diocese.1124 (Mary Willis was born about 1819 703 and died on 13 Nov 1897 in Kilbronoge, Skull, Cork, Ireland 703.)
Noted events in their marriage were:
• Marriage, 1839, Cork and Ross Diocese. 1124 Listed in the record set of "Ireland Diocesan and Prerogative Marriage Licence Bonds indexes 1623-1866." -- BUT! both Roman Catholic and Church of Ireland parishes are organised into dioceses! So this could very well be a Church of Ireland marriage.
BONUS: The next line down in the "Ireland Diocesan & Prerogative Marriage License Bonds indexes 1623-1866," available through findmypast.com, shows an Ursela Shannon and a James Hegarty marriage in 1840.
Checked online in the Catholic Parish Registers at the National Library of Ireland for their marriage beginning in the year 1838 in East Schull parish. I looked in the Catholic records because Church of Ireland records aren't available (yet...?) I looked through 1856 and didn't happen to notice any Shannons at all, although I notice quite a few Hegartys in the register (various spellings).
On the same page of the registry as their marriage, two lines down is the marriage of a James Hegarty and an Ursela Shannon. There has got to be some connection there! 9-15-2016