Sarah Jane "Sadie" Greathead 73
- Born: 25 Sep 1858, Barnstaple, Devon, England 73,311,312
- Marriage: Charles T. Hammond on 14 Jun 1893 in Chicago, IL 96
- Died: 10 Jul 1959, Alameda, CA at age 100 49,268,312
- Buried: 14 Jul 1959, Chapel of Memories, Oakland, Alameda, CA 31
Known to the family as Aunt Sadie. Married to a Mr. Hammond. Operated the Harmony Cafeteria in the Coit Hotel in Oakland, CA, for many years. Very prominent in the Optimist Club. -- R.P. Radcliffe, source
From Sally Packard: I was named after her. She was my grandmother's oldest sister. After her father died, her mother decided to emigrate to Michigan, where she had relatives. There were six children and Sadie, 16, I think, was the oldest and already working. Her mother figured that she was provided for and decided not to take her along. Sadie told me that she was furious and absolutely demanded to go along. She married and moved to California, but her husband died young and she had no children. She and one of her sisters-in-law, Jennie, decided to start a restaurant. She said that the bankers were very dubious about giving a loan to two women. They started the Colonial Cafeteria in Oakland. It was still going in 1944 when Lyle and I were out there with the Navy. She lived in the Coit Hotel, around the corner from the cafeteria with Jennie and spent her days there greeting the steady customers. When she was 95, she sent us all cards with her photo and a little verse. She had traveled around the world (unusual in those days) and was active in the Soroptomists club, a sort of women's Rotary. She was an accomplished needleworker. I have a patchwork quilt she made. Each Christmas she sent a package of knitted bedsocks in assorted sizes. The kids loved them because they could put them on and slide.
The verse she wrote on her 95th birthday:
I'M NINETY FIVE
Yes, ninety five
And to keep happy and active
I still contrive
Why should one grieve
Though the road nears its end
When at every turn
One finds A friend
Sarah G. Hammond
A picture of the Coit Hotel at this address: http://www.oaklandheritage.org/coit_hotel.htm It is currently apartments, but was a hotel until 1978. Its address was 1455 Harrison St, one block to the east along 15th Street. It has been absorbed by the larger apartment complex that it was part of. . The Oakland Public Library records list the address of the Colonial Cafeteria at 1504 Franklin St. The site has since been demolished for modern construction.
For information regarding a shawl once owned by Sadie and currently in the Art Institute of Chicago, see Alice Greathead.
It was Aunt Sadie that would knit us booties for Christmas every year when we were little and who made the quilt that Mom has that says Richard on it.
Noted events in her life were:
• Residence, 1861, Meltham, Yorkshire, England. 166
• Residence, 7 Jun 1880, Hanover Street, Marshall, Calhoun, MI. 25 Living here are Rachel Greathead as head of house, Frederick, Sarah J., Alfred J., and Ernest E. Greathead.
• Residence, 1898-1909, 170 11th St., San Jose, Santa Clara, California. 127
• Residence, 5 Jun 1900, 650 Waller St., San Francisco, San Francisco, CA. 34 Living here are Charles as head, wife Sarah and her mother Rachel Greathead.
• Residence, 19 Apr 1910, 406 13th St., Oakland, Alameda, California. 13 Living here are Mrs. Charles Hammond as head, Rachael Greathead as lodger, and Hulda Crane, lodger.
• Occupation: Merchant -- Restaurant, 19 Apr 1910, Oakland, Alameda, CA. 13
• Residence, 9 Jan 1920, 1425 Harrison St., Oakland, Alameda, CA. 14 There were 127 residents in this rooming house, including Hulda Crane.
• Occupation: Proprietor of Cafeteria, 8 Jan 1920, Oakland, Alameda, CA. 14
• Organizations: Charter Member of Soroptimist Club, Oakland, CA. 124
• Occupation: Owner of the Colonial Cafeteria: 409-411 13th St., Oakland, , CA. 124,378 She opened the cafeteria with 2 other women and eight employees, serving only about 100 people a day. She did this with no business experience. The restaurant grew to have 75 employees, twenty of whom worked for Mrs. Hammond for over 15 years and four whose service extended over a period ranging from 33 to 37 years. In 1949, the restaurant was serving 1800 people a day. She believed a woman's place is where she is needed and can find the fullest outlet for her natural ability.
The cafeteria opened 2-4-1909 for the first time. (2-2-1910 Oakland Tribune) Its address was between Broadway and Franklin. All following info gained from Oakland Tribune articles.
On 2-12-1910, it was the site of the annual banquet of the Prohibition Association of Alameda County. They also had their banquet there in Feb. of 1913. The following month, they donated $5 for the central relief committee (a flood relief effort).
On 8-7-1914, Dora M. Embury, a cashier at the cafeteria married a well-known physician of Oakland. The next day's paper had a large photo and accompanying article about Oakland's first cafeteria, showing tableclothed tables. The article says it was a success from the start, because "the people of Oakland were anxious to take their meals at a place where refinement, comfort, cleanliness and excellent food was dispensed in liberal quantities." It also says, "Upon entering the Colonial Cafetera one is immediately impressed with an air of refinement that is seldom found in restaurants. The ladies who own and manage the Colonial Cafeteria do not leave the details of cooking food entirely with cooks or chefs, but are constantly on the alert to make sure that all employees are preparing food just as it is prepared in the home of the most careful and cautious housewife."(p. 14).
The cafeteria moved to 422-428 Fourteenth St. between Broadway and Franklin in June of 1915. Upstairs was an auctioneer who sold furniture. In the 5-9-23 Oakland Tribune, it's described thusly: "The new building of the Colonial Cafeteria is both striking and beautiful in its aspect. Technically expressed, the building design is in modified Spanish Renaissance, with polychrome terra cotta as the medium. It covers a frontage of 54' on the east side of Franklin, near enough to 15th to attract attention from passers along that street as far west as Broadway. The result has been a stream of visitors drawn by its external beauty and desirous of viewing the interior.
The style of the building front is carried through the interior, especially in the dining room, fifty feet square, twenty-six feet high and by design and arrangement of character to inspire a sense of warmth and hospitality on the part of entering guests. A typical and beautifully-modeled frieze in high color is carried on broad piers which, with the panels formed between, are simply treated, thus forming a restful element in an otherwise highly decorative scheme. COLORS ARE RESTFUL
This idea of restfulness is in keeping with an important feature of the general though which inspired Architect A.R. Denke, who is directly responsible for designing, planning and erecting the building. It is further enhanced by the soft and delightfully varied autumn tones of the high tile wainscoat, the deep red of the composition floor, and the dark browns of the oak woodwork.
A broad, easy and inviting grand staircase leading to the mezzanine dining room, occupies the center of the farther boundaries of the main dining room and is the dominant feature of the room opposite the main entrance of the building.
This imposing stairway plays an important part in the architectural design of the entire interior. It has an air of simple dignity, charm and invitation that is almost irrestible. It is approachable from 2 opposite sides on the main floor and lands in 2 divergent directions on the mezzanine floor. It is a highly important feature in a rarely harmonious combination produced in this spacious room. LIGHTING FIXTURES HARMONIZE
The fixtures of the combined main and mezzanine dining room offer an exceptional combination of beauty and convenience. The lighting fixtures were designed by the architect to harmonize with the period scheme and form a highly ornamental feature. Fronting the stair is one of three water fountains, done in materials which ideally blend and comine with the general effect. This idea of combining beauty and convenience impresses itself upon the mind throught the entire interior of this remarkable building
While no extravagant claims are set forth by the management or by the architect, it is the opinion expressed by competent observers that the new home of the Colonial Cafeteria is second to none in the Pacific Coast in architectureal attractiveness and in beauty and convenience of its appointments." Then in May (9th) of 1923, it reports in an article entitled "Dangers from Collapse or Fire Practically Eliminated in Plans" the following: "A marvel of engineering design and construction concealed in the interior of an architectural masterpiece, the new Colonial Cafeteria building is a thing to astound the inquisitive and inspire the admiration of those who study the art and science embraced in these two fields of endeavor.
Of the thousands who daily pass in front of the attractive edifice, there are many who pause to admire and comment on its beauty but to the eye even of the careful observer there is little to indicate the breadth of consideration and careful attention to intricate detail involved in the struction itself and in the interesting manufacturing plant concealed therein.
This entire building, its equipment, its system of truss-=work for carrying all suspended loads to support in walls of masonry, all fixtures, decorations and designs of whatever kind are the product of the brain of A.R. Denke, architect and construction manager, who has spent many years in the study and application of the special branches of architecture and engineering in and sanitary display of a fine quality of food, courtesy in service, elimination of frictions and irritation and the producing of pleasanter relations between patrons and employee.
Cafeteria experience has caused many changes in the past 10 years. The new home of the Colonial has little in common with those of earlier days and yet it would not have been possible but for them for, out of their experiences and mistakes, it is claimed that this institution is the most nearly perfect eating establishment conceivable.
The size and widespread adoption of the cafeteria plan has brought forth a demand for the services of men who had spent years of study in cafeteria design, construction, equipment and operation so that today the term 'cafeteria engineer' may be adopted as legitimate and a proper designation of men like Denke who have devoted years of study and endeavor to this interesting and important subject."
On 9-7-1917, the cafeteria was the location of a luncheon to "lend moral support to Billy Sunday in his efforts to whip the devil out of Los Angeles..."
On 6-17-1925, the Oakland Tribune reported a break in an ammonia tank guage sent 25 employees of the cafeteria to the hospital. The ammonia was in the refriigerating plant in the basement. Firemen arrived wearing gas masks. Two employees were taken to the emergency room, others were revived after reaching fresh air. The break in the guage happened over the lunch hour, when the cafeteria had many persons eating their lunches.
On 7-18-1927, it welcomed the Business and Professional Women's Club Convention.
7-18-1927 "GOOD HOUSEKEEPING CAFE'S SIGN OF SUCCESS" -- Good Housekeeping on a large scale, with attention given every little detail, is the reason for the success of the Colonial cafeteria, the first real cafeteria established north of Los Angeles, according to Jennie Hammond, president of the company.
"It was way back in 1909 that Miss Hammond and her sisters, Mrs. H.H. Crane and Mrs. Sarah G. Hammond opened a small place in a store building on Thirteenth street with eight employees. In 1915 they moved to a more pretentious place on 14th street and in 1923 they built, on their own property a cafeteria that is still acknowledged to be one of the most complete in design and equipment in the country. Over 100 workers are employed, the majority of whom have been with the cafeteria for from 8 to 16 years."
The Colonial raised $1,000 in the Liberty Load "drive."
The cafe. gave $200 for the War Work fund on 11-15-1917, and $50 on 2-1-1918, $2,000 on 4-29-1918, $15 on 8-16-1919. They also gave $20 for the Christmas fund 11-26-1919 plus another $20 on 12-7-1919 .
Raised $100 for the YMCA, reported 9-23-1920. Gave $10 to the County Infirmary and Arroyo Sanitarium Inmates on 12-4-1920.
Always served "milk fattened" Pekin duck on Sundays in 1921.
• Residence: Coit Hotel, Oakland, , California. 379 15th & Harrison Streets, Oakland
• Residence, Abt 1956, The Granada in Oakland, CA. 31
• Honor: Celebrated as an institution by mayor of Oakland, CA, 24 Sep 1958, Oakland, CA. 378 Received a greeting from President Eisenhower and Oakland Mayor Clifford E. Rishell, who pinned an orchid on her. Founding member of Soroptimist Club, Oakland when she turned 100. Part of the article, "... Mrs. Hammond ranks not only as their oldest member, but a charter member of the original Oakland Soroptimist Club from which the International women's organization grew. There was a greeting from President Eisenhower and Oakland Mayor Clifford E. Rishell pinned an orchid corsage on her.
Mrs. Hammond was past 50 before she and two sisters-in-law, Mrs. Hulda H. Crane and Miss Jennie H. Hammond opened Oakland's first cafeteria, in 1909. Both have died.
'My sisters-in-law had been teachers and wanted to get into some kind of business,' she recalled. "I was a housewife and didn't care too much about leaving my home, but I went along with them on the project."
The cafeteria now at 15th and Franklin Streets has continued to be a thriving business. Although her health now is precarious, Mrs. Hammond still goes to visit the business several times a week.
A native of England, she came to this country when she was 11 years old and first lived in Michigan for a number of years. She was married to Charles Hammond with whom she came to Oakland many years ago. She has been a widow about 50 years.
Childless herself, she regards her nieces and nephews as her 'children' and their children as her 'grandchildren.'
The nieces are children of sisters and live in the east. The newphews are Kenneth S. Greathead of Oakland, Arthur Greathead of San Jose and Leonard Greathead Sr. of Redwood City.
Mrs. Hammond's vision is failing but her family and nurse have become so adept at describing things to her that she feels as if she could see them.
Some of her customers now are bringing in their grandchildren.
Her niece by marriage, Mrs. Kenneth Greathead, says 'Everyone who knows her is the better for it.'"
• Death. Copy of telegram informing Perry Radcliffe of Sadie's death.
• Obituary: Oakland Tribune, 10 Jul 1959, Oakland, CA. 380 Hammond, Sarah Greathead, in Oakland, July 10, 1959, beloved aunt of Arthur W. Greathead of San Jose, Leonard W. Greathead Sr. of Redwood City, Kenneth S. Greathead of Oakland, Mrs. Louisa Guller and Mrs. Alice Radcliffe both of Chicago, Illinois, and Mrs. Esther Nelson of St. Louis, Missouri. A native of England; aged 100 years. A member of First Presbyterian Church and Ebell Society. A charter member of Soroptimist Club of Oakland.
Friends are invited to attend services Tuesday, July 14 at 10:00 a.m. at Truman's Chapel, Telegraph Avenue at 30th St., Oakland, the Rev. Hugh David Burcham, D.D., officiating.
• Obituary: Oakland Tribune, 13 Jul 1959, Oakland, CA. 31 Funeral services for Mrs. Sarah Greathead Hammond, Oakland's pioneer business-woman who died Friday in her 101st year, will be at 10 a.m. tomorrow in Truman's Chapel, 30th St. and Telegraph Ave.
The Rev. Hugh David Burcham of the First Presbyterian Church, will officiate. Pall bearers will be four of Mrs. Hammond's grandnephews and the 2 assistant managers of the Colonial Restaurant, the cafeteria she founded 50 years ago.
They are William Greathead, San Jose, Arthur Greathead, Salinas, Ronald Greathead, Oakland, Leonard Greathead Jr., San Leandro; Edward Scott, Oakland, and Adam Dunlap, Oakland.
Soloist at the service will be Mrs. Marian Cornish, a soprano in the choir of the First Presbyterian Church. She will sing, "In the Garden," one of Mrs. Hammond's favorite hymns, and "The Lord's Prayer."
Cremation will be followed by inurnment at the Chapel of Memories.
Mrs. Hammand was an integral part of Oakland's growth as one of the founders of the city's first cafeteria. She remained active in its management until recently when her health failed.
At Oakland's 100's anniversary celebration in 1952, Mrs. Hammond was honored as the city's oldest active merchant by the Oakland and Alameda Pioneer Society.
She was a native of England, but came to this country as a child. She was the widow of Charles Hammond, a San Jose man with business interests in San Francisco.
In addition to her grandnephews, Mrs. Hammond is survived by 3 nephews, Arthur W. Greathead of San Jose, Leonard W. Greathead Sr. of Redwood City, and Kenneth S. Greathead of Oakland: and 3 nieces. Mrs. Louisa Guller and Mrs. Alice Radcliffe, both of Chicago and Mrs. Esther Nelson of St. Louis, Mo.
• Obituary: Oakland Tribune, 10 Jul 1959, Oakland, CA. 31 See photo file for wording.
"HAMMOND, Sarah Greathead, in Oakland, July 10, 1959, beloved aunt of Arthur W. Greathead of San Jose, Leonard W. Greathead Sr. of Redwood City, Kenneth S. Greathead of Oakland, Mrs. Louis Guller and Mrs. Alice Radcliffe, both of Chicago, Illinois, and Mrs. Esther Nelson of St. Louis, Missouri. A native of England; aged 100 years. A member of First Presbyterian Church of Oakland and Ebeil Society. A charter member of Soroptimist Club of Oakland.
Friends are invited to attend services Tuesday, July 14, at 10 a.m. at 30th Street, Oakland, the Rev. High David Burcham D.D. officiating."
• Will. See photo box for copy of her will.
Sarah married Charles T. Hammond, son of General William Hammond and Sarah L. Turner, on 14 Jun 1893 in Chicago, IL.96 (Charles T. Hammond was born on 23 Nov 1862 in Michigan 34,262.)
We have the marriage announcement for this marriage.
Both possibly could have been age 30, as reported in the Inter Ocean newspaper.